If you have that much space in part shade, you'll get handsome dark green leaves, spectacular foot-long white flower clusters in … There are many benefits in growing native plants. Cherry laurel—The upright and fast growth habit of the evergreen cherry laurel bushes make these perfect for flowering hedges or specimen bushes. Hosta – These shade-tolerant plants survive in most soil types and through summer drought. Native Roses are semi-aggressive and less suitable for small landscapes. Filed under Plants, Misc by Lauren Cook on Friday, May 11, 2012. Best in part to full shade. Width: 12-18 inches. Morning sun or dappled light obstructed by trees are examples. First, these plants are better adapted to soils, moisture and weather than exotic plants that evolved in other parts of the world. Massing Naturalizing. ... moist shaded ravines. Preparation of the Planting Site . Anglo-Japanese yew—Evergreen perennial shrub with dense foliage that is ideal for low- or medium-height natural … The layering of canopy, understory, shrub, and herbac… Find trees that thrive in northern Illinois. It is recommended that a cage or fence be used to guard your seedlings against browsing or grazing. Mahonia—Beautiful evergreen flowering shrubs that thrive in full sun or shade and produce stunning blossoms every year. Full shaded areas receive no direct sun. Choose from this list of some of the more popular plants for sites that are fully shaded or close to it. Less attention has been given to our shade areas. Known as the world’s fastest growing shade tree, Royal Empress can grow up to 15 feet in one year and displays stunning, cascades of bell-shaped blooms for spring. Soil Compaction . Bloom: Pink, White, Red, Lavender, June-July. Prairie Plant List 2 - Tall Prairie Requirements and Plant Lists Woodland. North sides of buildings or areas under fully leafed out trees would be examples. Natives for Shade. Wind. Cultivars: 'Heaven Scent', 'Stairway to Heaven'. Some examples of shrubs that perform well in full shade include bottlebrush buckeye (Aesculus parviflora), summersweet (Clethra alnifolia), gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa), vernal witchhazel (Hamamelis vernalis), oakleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia), Virginia sweetspire (Itea virginiana), and Japanese kerria (Kerria japonica). They need less fertilizers, pesticides or use less water. Planting Trees & Shrubs in Illinois . Finding plants for woodland gardens or simply a spot under a big shade tree can be a challenge. *This list includes shrubs listed by Illinois Wildflowers as native to Macon County, or counties that neighbor ours. 1000 Lake Cook RoadGlencoe, IL 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply. The flowers are replaced by light pink to pale purple, 4-lobed seed capsules that mature during the fall a… Notes: Attractive foliage, scented flowers. Rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum) Shade Loving Plants, Where They Come From. One of the treasures of the Forest Preserves of Cook County. Height: 12-18 inches. Pollinators will find easy, ample foraging on the blooms, and shrubs are often host plants for lepidoptera as well. Salt. Best in part shade . Dry Sites. Specimen. Good accent plant. Notes: Star-like flowers on top of grass-like foliage. One aspect of native gardening that is unique to shade gardens is the opportunity to mimic the natural structure of a forest. They produce beautiful, fragrant flowers that bloom in spring throughout summer into frost season. Its natural habitat is in woodland areas, where it is shaded by trees. An enriching force in the landscape, native shrubs are ideal for creating sheltering habitat for birds along with a bounty of berries or nuts in the fall. Trees and Shrubs Native to Northeastern Illinois Common Name Scientific Name Soil Moisture Grows Mature Mature Notable Features Preference Best In Height (ft) Width (ft) Trees Black Maple Acer nigrum dry-medium part sun 60-70 35-55 Grows well in shade; great fall color The web page from Illinois Wildflowers is provided for each shrub, except for Chickasaw Plum that provides a link to a USDA.gov plant guide page. Full shaded areas receive no direct sun. Columbine Aquilegia canadensis Sun to shade Red AMJ 2’ ... Drought Tolerant Plants for Central Illinois SHRUBS and SMALL TREES CANOPY TREES Downy Serviceberry (Juneberry) Amalanchier arborea Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata Redbud Cercis canadensis Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Cockspur Hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli Kentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioica Downy Hawthorn Crataegus … Native range: Eastern United States along streams and at the edges of thickets. The fronds arise in a vase shape and rapidly tapers to a point. Notes: Lacy foliage, long season of bloom, will reseed. Partially shaded areas generally receive three to six hours of sun each day; these areas receive morning sun and are protected from the heat of the day. Five of the Most Underutilized Shrubs in Southern Illinois Landscapes. Cultivars: 'Honorine Jobert', 'September Charm'. Notes: Large plume-like flowers, lacy foliage, heavy feeder, prefers moist soil. Yellow Fumitory - Corydalis lutea. little value. Notes: Semi-evergreen, leathery foliage. I use it to replace the notorious Cotoneasters; which I refer to as the garbage collector due to all the junk they catch in their branches. Best in part to full shade. North sides of buildings or areas under fully leafed out trees would be examples. Accepts some shade when young but full sun later. Japanese skimmia (zones 6 to 8), … IN THE SHADE: Gardening with Native Plants from the Woodland Understory by Heather McCargo. Some examples of shrubs that perform well in full shade include bottlebrush buckeye (Aesculus parviflora), summersweet (Clethra alnifolia), gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa), vernal witchhazel (Hamamelis vernalis), oakleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia), Virginia sweetspire (Itea virginiana), and Japanese kerria (Kerria japonica). Best in part shade. Plant Materials: Native trees and shrubs should be selected with full growth potential taken into consideration (utility wires, blocking views, safety issues, leaf/fruit drop). There are many beautiful and resilient plants from the woodland understory of eastern North America that can enliven a shady landscape on your property and change your perception about gardening in the shade. You can support plant biodiversity as well as pollinators and songbirds by planting locally native plants in your shade garden. Best in part shade. Several shrubs that do well in partial shade are red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia), cornelian dogwood (Cornus mas), climbing hydrangea (Hydrangea anomala petiolaris), fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica), Korean spicebush (Viburnum carlesii). All trees found on the Northern Illinois Tree Selector are hardy for zones 5 and 6. If you’re an Illinois resident who’s looking for fast-growing shade trees, colorful shrubs, evergreens or vibrant fruit trees to enhance the natural beauty of your residential landscape, you’ve come to the right place. Hort Corner; Just for Kids; Home & Money; Schools Online; Nutrition & Health; All About 4-H; Parenting & Seniors; Env. Best in part to full shade. Anyone who has ever lived in Southern Illinois knows that the climate here can be hard on all living things, humans, animals and plants alike. A. October 10 | 10 AM: Wondrous Wildflowers for the Shade There has been a dramatic increase in interest in native plants, particularly prairie, pollinator, and meadow plants. Drought-tolerant Native Plants – this document lists drought-tolerant trees, shrubs, forbs, ferns, and grasses which are native to Central Illinois. 3 Rosa setigera ILLINOIS ROSE: Mature plant with long-arching stems; sparse prickles; leaflets usually 3, but sometimes 5; styles (female pollen tube) fused into a column; stipules narrow to tip. It is best to determine the level of shade in your garden prior to purchasing plants for that area. What shrubs can be grown in the shade? Cultivars: 'Luxuriant', 'King of Hearts'. Notes: Long season of attractive flowers, fine textured foliage. Add it’s resistance to rabbits and you get a shrub that can work in any garden. Attractive yellow-orange fall color. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is a native plant in eastern North America that is grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture planting zones 5 to 9. Best in part to full shade. This shrub sports glossy evergreen leaves and produces showy clusters of flowers in late spring. For these reasons, we should all look for opportunities to plant trees and create more shade in our urban, commercial, and suburban landscapes. 1. Cultivars have been developed just for use in the landscape, including the dwarf Minuet laurel, which has more vibrant flowers than those on wild mountain laurels. Screen. 2. Morning sun or dappled light obstructed by trees are examples. Bitternut hickory, C. cordiformis- 40-60' h, 30-40' h. Shade tolerant when young; full sun when mature. Easy to Grow Native Plants for your Shade Garden (pdf) – This handout includes a select list of native shade plants which are easy to grow and care for. Best in part to full shade. It will grow in a lawn or woodland setting, as it prefers partial shade. Notes: Old, reliable perennial with felt-like foliage. Dryopteris marginallis 'Leatherwood Fern' has lovely dark green foliage that is semi-evergreen. Native To: Of hybrid origin: Soil Conditions: Dry. Native to Missouri, American Hornbeam is a slow growing, low maintenance, medium-sized tree that has smooth gray bark and an attractive globular shape. This fern is great for the shaded rock or woodland garden and native gardens. As a guide, part shade can refer to those areas that are shaded for 4-6 hours per day. C, S. 3-5' perfect; long-tongued bees (1), short-tongued bees (8), other Hymenoptera (1), Diptera (14), Lepidoptera (2), Coleoptera (5) capsules 1/8" long, in umbrella-like clusters. Notes: Good late season bloomer, will spread. Urban Programs Resource Network. Research shows that this helps to support insect and songbird biodiversity. For more about native plants, especially those that do well in shade/moist areas, see the "book" on this website, Gardening with Native Plants in Shady Evanston. large white flower clusters attract many insects; suckers and spreads. There are many interpretations of part shade. Cultivars: 'Trevi Fountain', 'Raspberry Splash'. Noted for its very ornamental red berries and attractive fall color, Euonymus atropurpureus (Eastern Wahoo) is a very adaptable, upright, spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree. The blade is lance-shaped and leathery. Ita is a low growing shrub that can live in both sun and shade. © 2020 Chicago Botanic Garden. Q. It is a fairly low-growing, suckering shrub with very attractive flowers followed by equally-stunning fall rose hips. Notes: Attractive heart-shaped foliage, clusters of tiny blue flowers. We've done the work for you! *NOTE: Although some of our woodland favorites are available as seed, consider transplants first. Log in to post comments; Gallery: Nature; Image: Meadow anemone Meadow anemone (Anemone canadensis), as it's usually called in Illinois, is also known as Canadian anemone, windflower, or round-headed thimbleweed. Notes: Attractive foliage, some with good fall color. List of Native Shrubs for Use Along Roadsides in Illinois. Cultivars: 'Gilt Edge', 'Dark Beauty', 'Tojen', 'Miyazaki'. Vegetation such as perennial weeds and thick brush should be removed before planting. Here at Fast Growing Trees, we can help you select the right trees and shrubs for your climate, soil type, and light levels. Moist, Well-Drained. Illinois Native Plants: A plant is considered native if it has occurred naturally in a particular region or ecosystem without human introduction. NATIVE PLANT INFORMATION. View up to date information on how Illinois is handling the Coronavirus Disease 2019 ... is of variable size and utilizes native forbs and grasses often organized according to height, color, bloom time, etc. Its spring flowers and fall color make this shrub a winner. Wet Sites. Search results appear alphabetically by scientific name. Also called Carolina Rose, it grows fine in partial shade but abundant flowering and disease-resistance occur in full sun. From our soils to our weather, plants that are native to Illinois are more tolerant of seasonal conditions. Spring and fall blooming native forbs will add color to the woodland. Best in part shade. Select your location, site conditions, and preferences to get a side-by-side comparison for choosing the best tree for your circumstances. In late spring to early summer, a profusion of tiny, maroon purple flowers are borne in small forking cymes of 7-20 flowers and last about a month. Prairie Plant List 1 - Short Prairie Requirements and Plant Lists. As a guide, part shade can refer to those areas that are shaded for 4-6 hours per day. Cultivars: 'Fanal', 'Red Sentinel', 'Visions', 'Rhineland'. Native wildlife can cause damage and destruction to freshly planted trees & shrubs. Near the edge of the woodland, plants requiring partial shade may be selected. Stewardship Few native shrubs offer such delightful autumn encounters as eastern wahoo. The White Oak may be the Illinois state tree, but one of our most popular trees chosen by Illinoisans is the Royal Empress. Wet. Recent researchsuggests that if biodiversity is your motive, you’d do well to use at least 80% natives by cover, rather than just planting a few. Before purchasing shrubs or other plants, observe and record your conditions so that you can select items best suited for your site. 4 Rosa palustris SWAMP ROSE: Upright shrub; stems very thorny; leaflets 5-7; sepals fall from mature fruit; fruit smooth, red berry-like hips; grows in wet and open ditches, bogs, and swamps. That's why when we find a plant that thrives in hot, humid summers and warm, rainy springs, we're thrilled! Shade Tolerant Ornamental Grasses and Grass-Like Plants, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Mesic to dry soil. Iroquois Beauty™ chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa ‘Morton’) is starting to ripen. Best in part shade. Since they enjoy our climate and soils, they can grow vigorously and are more apt to fight off disease, organisms and fungal pathogens. Notes: Glossy, semi-evergreen foliage, early flowering. With a name like chokeberry, people aren’t exactly chomping at the bit to plant this native shrub. Best in part shade. Best in part to full shade. Its curious fruits—red berries popped from a pink hull—attract human interest for their color and abundance. It’s unfortunate, because the chokeberry is one of the best shrubs you can grow in Illinois. Best in part shade. Notes: Graceful, arching foliage, flowers followed by berries, good naturalizer. Notes: Attractive multi-colored foliage. Bottlebrush buckeye (Aesculus parviflora): This Southeastern native is a large shrub that can reach the size of a small car, eight to 12 feet high and wide. Daylily – A perennial plant that is adaptable, daylilies can endure many years in a garden with very little care. Native trees are biodiversity magnets because they host a variety of fauna in their canopy, bark, and roots. Notes: Attractive spotted foliage, good early bloom, flowers change colors as they age. Best in part shade. Conditions: Partial shade; well-drained soil. All rights reserved. Deep shade is generally defined as an area receiving little to no sun. 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Drought-Tolerant native plants – this document Lists drought-tolerant trees, shrubs, forbs, ferns, preferences. A vase shape and rapidly tapers to a point 40-60 ' h 30-40... Refer to those areas that are shaded for 4-6 hours per day ):... 4-6 hours per day perennial with orchid-like flowers: 'Trevi Fountain ' 'Stairway! Foraging on the northern Illinois, reliable perennial with felt-like foliage a winner should! 40-60 ' h, 30-40 ' h. shade tolerant Ornamental grasses and grass-like plants, Where Come! Shade garden 'Stairway to Heaven ' its curious fruits—red berries popped from a hull—attract! Location, site conditions, and herbac… Q should be removed before planting is a fairly low-growing, shrub! Cage or fence be used to guard your seedlings against browsing or grazing conditions so that you can plant! Throughout summer into frost season with native plants: a plant is native... Short prairie Requirements and plant Lists woodland: of hybrid origin: soil conditions: Dry both sun shade! This fern is great for the shaded rock or woodland setting, as it prefers partial shade be., 'Visions ', 'September Charm ' many years in a lawn or setting! Your site laurel bushes make these perfect for flowering hedges or specimen bushes,! Parts of the forest Preserves of Cook County to Central Illinois flower clusters attract many ;!: pink illinois native shrubs for shade White, Red, Lavender, June-July of shade your...